Inclusion Of Patient Safety In Hospital Design

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Informing healthcare organizations about emerging trends is a great way to get them to think about what they are doing. The inclusion of technological patient safety objectives in the design process at each important stage helps to ensure that they are not missed.

Technologies that ensure patient safety often seem expensive at first glance, but analysis and evaluation, taking into account the cost of re-hospitalization due to patient injuries, infectious diseases associated with medical care and other illnesses, usually show a rapid return on investment.

A comprehensive patient safety technology strategy should be developed at the beginning of the overall hospital planning process and continue throughout the project.

This approach will help explore new ideas for health care, such as the creation of a new “patient care centre” and a “health-oriented campus.”

The sharing of technologies, clinical operations, and patient experience functions needs to be explored. All this can be done by contacting top healthcare consulting firms in India.

Developing a secure ecosystem that brings together people (patients, families and staff), the environment (buildings and the space between them) and technology (leading to a constant flow of real-time data) can invent new operational methods that will provide better clinical performance and increased patient satisfaction.

It would be a mistake to assume that today’s buildings can cope with each and every need of the patient, and the question arises: how long will the health care industry wait before it abandons the modern design of health care facilities and reformulates its development?

In the near future, it could happen that sensors will be used to send patient health data in real time that will need an intelligent chip to monitor their well-being. It does not matter where the patient will be: behind the wheel, at home or in the hospital, because the flow of data about his health will be continuous and uninterrupted.

Ultimately, these strategic changes will affect the nature of the health care organization in its usual sense. This rethought environment will have the following characteristics:

  • It will no longer be called a medical office building or a hospital. For example, it could be a “wellness centre” with mobile medical clinic stations for those who can’t get to the building.
  • The place where patients will get before they get sick. For example, a wellness and training centre where patients can register (in person or virtually) to keep their digital counterpart.
  • An environment without standard departments will be developed, where narrow groups of specialists will work together. It will also be complemented by technology to interact with the patient during home treatment.
  • A place where patients do not wait. Technology will allow you to plan a visit in advance so as not to waste time.

Constant transition from personal to virtual

This includes a new virtual care module designed to give physicians more opportunities to provide virtual care to patients, rather than just cameras and microphones that are added to examination rooms.

For example, the addition of telescopic digital modules for individual lessons and larger spaces for medical teams to simulate rehabilitation measures.

Creating interiors that can be reconfigured at any time without destroying the construction infrastructure is a must and for giving advice on this topic top hospital consultants in India are here for you.

Health Infrastructure Planning: Identifying Project Requirements

The process of creating optimal hygienic conditions in medical institutions is determined by the peculiarities of land planning and development, arrangement and internal planning of buildings, their sanitary and technical improvement, as well as the sanitary condition during operation.

In planning a hospital, getting accurate data is crucial. There are no right solutions for everything and only from a deep understanding of the context, demographics, population served, the necessary medical disciplines or the already existing facilities of the environment, will it be possible to predict and develop an adequate functional program.

Different realities need different hospitals. The design of a centre in a rural environment or in a large urban agglomeration involves different issues, and designing for different countries will involve knowing the different realities of the local context.

In each country, it is possible to identify those common diseases or the most necessary treatments, which will help us plan hospitals that focus on the most serious local health challenges.

The architecture and planning of a hospital are of crucial long-term importance for proper patient care and functionality. They form the basis for optimal work processes and, in turn, minimize the workload of the hospital staff.

Hygiene, flexible work options and cost optimization play an important role in the design of workplaces, but they are not the only factors that play a role: patient and staff satisfaction is also key.

Arrangement and organization of treatment and prevention facilities, in accordance with hygienic requirements, make it possible to:

  • Create the best environmental conditions for patients;
  • Contribute to the introduction of treatment and protection regime;
  • Prevent the occurrence of nosocomial infections;
  • Facilitate the medical work of medical staff;
  • Promote the fastest recovery of patients and provide optimal conditions for the activities of health professionals.

After all, without proper hygienic conditions, therapeutic actions are powerless. As science and technology, including medicine, medical technology, and sanitary technology, are constantly being improved, deepened, and scientifically developed, hospital buildings are constantly being rebuilt and completed.

Investment costs for a hospital are unpredictably high. In rational business planning and economic field program, operating and personnel costs should be taken into consideration first, and all this could be done with the help of hospital consultants in Delhi NCR.

In the first phase of business planning, the builder, architects, expert planners and the hospital administration should meet together in order to minimize incorrect investment decisions and unfavorable operating expenses.

It is important that the architects cooperate with the administration and specialist engineers (hospital planners, hygienists) in dissertation.

The basis of business planning consists of equipment planning for construction, form, installation and construction system, medical technical requirements and equipment.

Hospitals are institutions that provide treatment and care for patients with severe and chronic complaints. Hospitals differ in the type, scope, area of ​​expertise and the size of the treatment equipment.

While hospitals were planned as medical surgical institutions in the past, it is emphasized that the institutions are made suitable for human beings with the new trend today, all thanks to healthcare management consulting in India.

5 Best Practices for Patient Safety

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Every year in India, thousands of patients die due to avoidable hospital errors and lack of safety measure. Safety in hospital building design can improve team performance and avoid errors by limiting harm and reducing the likeliness of mistakes.

Here is the list of 5 factors that top health organisations implement to achieve the safety goal for patients.

1. Restraint infection spread 

The practice of washing and sanitise hands before contacting patients is a good practice to restrict the transfer of virus and bacteria. According to the health care association data, infections are the most common serious hospital complication that causes some serious health issue to patients.

Thus, healthcare providers should clean their hands before and after contacting patient contact so that they can protect themselves as well as their patients from infections.

2. Correct Patient Identification 

Recording patients’ correct information confirmed that he/she receives the service or procedure can prevent various harmful events like administering the wrong medication or blood product to a patient. Thus, the patient information should be collected accurately.

3. Use Medicine Carefully

The availability of the enormous number of prescription drugs in the market can cause medical errors in any medical facilities and cause some serious consequences. To avoid such errors, label all the drugs and syringes carefully.

While labelling the drugs, make sure that any medicine doesn’t conflict with the current ones. Also, take some extra precautions with the patient on the blood thinner.

4. Customise hospital discharges 

Customising easy to follow plans for patients like medication routine, the record of essential medicines and data of patients before discharge. Such steps before discharging patient can reduce the potentially preventable readmissions up to 30 per cent. 

5. Avoid surgical mistakes  

Under the pressure of operation, the operating room can become a chaotic environment if there is a miscommunication during the procedure. Plus, physical fatigue and other negligence can put disaster for patients in the operating room.

Whatever the cause of mistakes, it can leave patients with serious injuries that he/she may deal with for the rest of their life. Using the periodic timeouts strategy is a great way to avoid these mistakes. 

The timeout break gives enough time to surgeons to revise their operating procedures and allow staff to consider all pieces of equipment.

Top 6 Elements Of A Perfect Hospital Layout

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Designing an advanced and modernised hospital layout needs a well-maintained plan. However, there are some complicated situations where you find it difficult to select the right layout for the hospital.

Nowadays, a perfect hospital design plan addresses many functions to the patients, family and staff. To provide such functions, one should consider the following factors before designing the layout of the hospital.

1. Aesthetic Design

A good hospital design should exhibit both the region and the visual and cultural ideology of the institution. Many hospitals offer the reference elements of hospitality design like spacious and transparent lobbies, covered drop-offs with valet parking and natural materials that provoke a sense of satisfaction.

Besides, adding soft sound and Art can play a key role in conceiving a harmonious and aesthetic environment for the patients.

2. Car Parking Facilities

A well-design space for parking affects the entire workforce and patient’s arrival. Almost 60% of patients use their vehicle to travel to the hospital. Also, the parking facilities help the clinicians, administrative staff, support services and volunteers who work late at night in the hospital.

3. Special Waiting Room

The waiting room in the hospital is one of the crucial that comfort and support the patient’s family. Also, those patients who don’t have a family can spend some private time there as well. A well-managed seating arrangement ensuring a line of sight for information and easy access to restrooms improves the experience.

4. Gracious Clinical Environment

A well designed clinical space can benefit both the patient and staff. A well maintains clinical area is as important as lobbies and waiting areas. Consider procedure rooms and suites where patients are assured, and blood-draw stations that promote natural daylight and positive distractions in art, material palette and views. Such areas are crucial to creating a tranquil and healing environment.

5. Healthy Surrounding 

A healthy surrounding inside the hospital can increase the recovery and healing rate of patients. Designing with red list free materials provides filter and clean air that offering access to outside with operable windows create a healthy surrounding in the hospital premises.

6. Personalization Option

The choice of personalisation goes a long way toward creating a comfortable experience for patients. Besides, it helps the patients and their family to spend a better time together. Giving personalise space to patients like changing room colours, private or semi-private room for the infusion with customising overhead music or artwork could be a great way to comfort patients.

Designing the layout of the hospital is a complex process and need a proper requires proper planning that creates a positive atmosphere in the hospital. These 6 factors have the power to ensure a pleasant visit for patients and their families, faster healing and improved outcomes.

Humanization And Quality Of Hospital Environments

The trends in relation to the planning, design and equipment of the entities that offer health services at this time focus on several aspects to be able to cover the different variables that protect the needs of the moment.

Current trends should be based on at least 8 topics:

  1. Creation of curative environments
  2. Evidence-based design
  3. Construction sustainability
  4. Quality certifications
  5. Patient safety
  6. Infection control
  7. Incorporation of technologies
  8. Communication

The creation of healing environments refers to the interaction of the five senses with the environment. Senses that allow knowing and enjoying, therefore they are potential to heal, work, feel pleasure and communicate.

Several authors highlight the importance of architectural design, natural light, exterior views, privacy, lighting control, colours, cleanliness, climate, sounds (noises), accessibility and ease of communication, clear signage, the construction materials, finishes and furniture are essential to achieve a welcoming and pleasant environment for patients and healthcare personnel.

A very expensive hospital building does not necessarily mean that it is of good quality, it can have many undesirable characteristics such as improper operation of the proximity relationships between departments, very small spaces, insufficient sound insulation between the offices, etc.

DESIGN PRINCIPLES

In the design of hospital environments, in addition to meeting the spatial and functional requirements, it is important to consider some basic criteria that contribute to the humanization of these environments, such as security and privacy. And this is why, it is of utmost important to contact healthcare architecture firms in India before building your medical center or hospital.

Safety: The physical environment should try to safeguard the personal sensitivity and human dignity of patients and their families, try to lessen their anxieties and concerns, especially in those cases where patients and their families are going through difficult times, such as: waiting for the results of a surgery, an emergency, intensive therapy, or a crucial diagnosis.

This can be considered when selecting finishes, taking into account that there is no need to create all aseptic environments giving priority to maintenance, reflective surfaces are not desirable.

Security can be provided by providing a warm non-institutional environment, in order to reduce fear, and increase the confidence and self-esteem of the users.

Privacy: it is a primary consideration in the design of environments conducive to the practice of Medicine. This sensation is crucial for patients receiving a certain type of treatment, such as cancer patients, which frequently manifest feelings of depression, anxiety, fear of being discriminated against, rejection, etc.

The physical environment and the size of the spaces should provide adequate levels of privacy. While waiting in critical areas, personalized spaces are necessary where families can wait together with a minimum of contact with other patients, but it is also convenient to have spaces that suggest a certain sociability and stimulate personal contact since some patients and families feel considerable support by sharing your concerns with others who are experiencing the same situation.

According to hospital project consultants in India, in the internal areas of the emergency or first aid department, it is convenient to visually and acoustically separate the pediatrics areas from those for adults, women from men, critical patients from chronic patients, in order to lessen the impressions that may psychologically disturb the patients and their families, and prevent their recovery, reassurance and progress.

Quality Accreditation is making Hospital care better

In the globalized world, the healthcare industry is not only impacted by corporate growth but various other forces like business competition, medical tourism, medical insurance, patient expectations, etc. Because of this, the quality of healthcare at hospitals is affected. Quality of care is one of the prominent agendas of any health policy. This has led to the establishment of national and international regulating bodies that offer accreditation to hospitals. Hospital Accreditation is a process by which an organization like a hospital, clinic, and other healthcare services, are assessed on a set of predetermined standards.

NABH (National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers) is a healthcare governing body in India that ensures quality healthcare and peerless patient experience and satisfaction at hospitals through its regulations. JCI(Joint Commission International) is an independent, not-for-profit organization that evaluates and accredits healthcare organizations in all countries of the world, except United States. Both NABH and JCI accreditations aim to improve the quality of care through diverse approaches which are either mandated by the government, voluntary or initiated by independent agencies.

Accreditation and Improvement in quality of hospital care 

The following points show how accreditation helps in improving the quality of health care.

a) Accreditation ensures better patient care:

As we know, the future of healthcare is aimed at more efficient and high-quality healthcare. Surveys have shown that accreditation emphasizes better patient satisfaction scores. When the result is a higher patient satisfaction score, it entails profit and is beneficial to all stakeholders, patients, and employees. Patients are the biggest beneficiaries. Accreditation generates high quality of care and patient safety. The patients get services from authorized medical staff. The rights of patients are admired and protected. Patient satisfaction is regularly evaluated. 

b) Accreditation to a Hospital stimulates continuous improvement.

It enables hospitals in demonstrating a commitment to quality care. It uplifts community confidence in the services provided by the hospital. It also provides an opportunity for the healthcare unit to benchmark with the best. Hospitals tend to naturally put in the effort, invest in better technology, and raise the bar for better patient care.

c) Accreditation provides a sense of trust in legal circles:

Accreditation provides an objective system of jury empanelment by insurance-vendors and other Third Parties. This helps in obtaining better third-party insurance vendor support or receiving more backing from stakeholders to enhance infrastructure. Accreditation provides access to reliable, authentic and certified information on facilities, infrastructure, and level of care.

d) Accreditation improves working environments for staff:

The better the healthcare organization in regards to infrastructure, cleanliness, faster services, and good maintenance of healthcare equipment, the easier it is for staff to manage patient data and patient care effectively. The patients get services from authorized medical staff. It leads to improved productivity, better staff performance, and higher chances of greater patient satisfaction.

e) Accreditation maintains the hospital image:

Accreditation is an ongoing process that takes years to achieve. This means the hospital must show credibility in its services, must be responsive to improvements being suggested, must display full transparency in communication to staff and stakeholders, and must have the hunger to innovate for better patient care. This improved care quality would automatically facilitate lesser or no patient complaints and more patient and stakeholders satisfaction and would make the hospital most preferred among the patients, thereby improving the hospital’s image.

All in all, accreditation improves the overall professional development of Clinicians and Paramedical staff and provides leadership for quality improvement within medicine and nursing.

Top 4 Healthcare Design Trends That Will Shape Medical Planning In 2021:

Top 4 Healthcare design trends that will shape Medical planning in 2021:

In 2021, as we all know, the healthcare industry is booming at a rapid rate. It is one of the fastest-growing sectors of our economy with no signs of a downturn. As the population continues to rise, healthcare facilities are looking to expand, grow and keep up with the rising number of people coming through their doors.

The healthcare industry is transforming through innovations and technology.  Rethinking what a perfect healthcare design to improve the experiences and comfort for the patients and caregivers who occupy those areas.

The latest design trends in healthcare are focused largely on comfort and mollifying anxieties, as well as thematic designs, different layouts, and ease of use.

Following are the four biggest trends that are hoped to shape healthcare and medical design in 2021.

1. Growing Outpatient Care Volumes

Advancements in medical care are helping more and more individuals to seek care in a healthier environment. We are living in a time in which outpatient facilities are extremely important. These are places in the healthcare spaces where patients can go for tests or procedures without needing to stay overnight in the hospitals. Outpatient facilities must also be considered under comfort and design aesthetics. 

Advancements in patient reception and tracking will create new types of outpatient treatment spaces. Integration with telemedicine concepts will lead to smart-growth within the ambulatory network, which will help to reduce the physical visit volume. Moreover, design teams will need to consider elements of choice and personalized environments with these facilities as well, given the growing visit volume and importance to the system’s overall business model. Outpatient care will have a substantial need for design re-thinking.

2. Healthcare will be omnipresent and streamlined

Healthcare will become more and more ubiquitous and omnipresent. It will become more active in patient’s lives yet less noticeable all around. Appointments will become more frequent, but quicker and more efficient, with fewer wait times.

Healthcare design will play a major role in this transformation. Patients will have access to new gadgets and technology that will monitor health indicators. Designers will need to build these devices so they blend naturally with the environment.

Hospitals will play a lesser role while the individual patient and personalized care will become more prominent. Telemedicine, the remote delivery of healthcare services, will become more common. Designers will need to adapt themselves and innovate beyond physical spaces and into the digital sphere.

The coming year will likely continue the spectacular technological process of the proceeding twenty years but at an accelerated rate. Medical facilities will require designs that are more fluid, open, natural, and will provide the Zen environment. These facilities will also be integrated into the world effortlessly but will require elegant designs. Technology will continue to be a disruptor and designers will need to shake hands with these new technologies.

3. The future of our healthcare industry is healthcare on-demand

Tele-health has been an emerging parts of healthcare, but the pandemic fast-tracked its process. Tele-health will take hold of the major portion of the health industry because of the comfort people will feel with in-person visits to their GP. 

Healthcare companies and health insurers will have to grapple with this new ecosystem, which will include the geographical challenges of serving remote communities. The Healthcare ecosystem will experience new technologies and new platform solutions in tele-health that will deliver healthcare remotely. The combination of tele-health with remote care by smart devices like smart watches, mobile phones, combined with the power of Iot will start redefining the healthcare ecosystem. The healthcare of the future will be a big shift from the current model that we all are very comfortable with.

The patients will not prefer to wait for an appointment or be kept in a waiting room to see a doctor. This new generation will desire healthcare on-demand.

4. The experience of receiving healthcare will be more pleasing.

Healthcare facilities of the future will engage patients more actively. No longer will patients be told to sit in a cold room and wait to get their treatment. Healthcare environments will become more open, universal, and holistic. There will be separate areas for patients according to their requirements.

The space of a medical facility will become easier to navigate and will induce feelings of welcoming and calm. Landscapes and plants will be further put into the design of hospitals to provide patients with a feeling of being in touch with nature and the outdoors. The designers should try to develop a storyline and an experience that resonates with patients. Themed designs will gain popularity for healthcare spaces. The look and feel of a doctor’s office or hospital space equally contributes to a patient’s wellbeing, and themed designs will help to achieve this.

How to Reduce Stress in a Children’s Hospital through Architecture?

The benefits that people can obtain through plants or contact with nature have been debated for thousands of years. Historical records indicate that this principle was taken up in ancient hospitals, where the main objective was to make patients comfortable.

With the purpose of eliminating the risks of pathogens, caused by the infrastructure of the environment, remodeling of the structures has been made, leaving aside the outdoor areas for the use of patients.

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However, hospitals have been found to be stressful environments, in part because their structure is complex and unfamiliar.

It has been emphasized that both children, as well as patients in general and visitors, need settings for recreation, imagination and physical play.

A functional plan consists of designing a plan of activities within the hospital in which the characteristics that must configure and specify the needs and demands anticipated by possible users are identified, with which it seeks to guarantee adequate levels of service and quality.

Minimum- like in a hospital, maximum- like at home

The image of the hospital as such is more negative than positive. After all, what associations do we have with this place? It’s something cold, sterile, with eerie neon lighting.

Earlier, the main thing was hygiene, and, say, the view from the window received much less attention. Today the situation is changing.

This, of course, does not mean that hospitals have become dirtier. But they are increasingly becoming similar in style and approach to the design of premises to hotels.

The room where the patient is located should not shout with all its appearance: “I’m sick! I feel bad! I’m in the hospital! “It is much better if the ward reminds of home, it will be cozy. The same can be said about the hospital building as a whole.

Modern hospital designers & planners pay a lot of attention to lighting hospital premises, and in this case we are talking not only about operating rooms, where everything is prescribed in advance, but about wards and corridors.

Daylight costs nothing, so it should be used as much as possible, in addition, the physical characteristics of the body must be taken into account: the patient must not be allowed to fall asleep when the fluorescent light is on.

Night lighting should be different from daylight. Today, there is also a lot of attention to materials: parquet floor, for example, looks much more comfortable than others.

According to hospital planners in India, the functionality of a medical institution should not suffer in any way, the only thing that can lose to some extent is architecture as an art form: after all, we cannot design a building that interferes with the work of doctors.

A modern hospital is a real city living its own life, there are treatment rooms, and wards where patients sometimes spend several weeks, a restaurant, a cafe, a delivery service, and a laboratory.

So that these “blocks” cooperate, but do not interfere with each other. At the same time, the clinic should still be beautiful.

The hospital today should be inscribed in the urban environment: it becomes not a place where sick people are, but a health center.

Healthcare Architecture: Why Is It Important?

It is best to assess the impact of architecture in hospitals and clinics – places where people come in need because they feel unwell. Not a single person wants to break away from everyday life of his own free will and imprison himself within four walls, therefore the task of specialists is to create conditions under which the space around will not “finish off” a person.

The presence of loved ones near the patient reduces stress- this should not be forgotten when designing medical centers.

The architecture of health unites buildings for medical, rehabilitation, health institutions, in which a special architectural environment is created that contributes with all its components (modern medical technologies and engineering systems, the set and arrangement of premises and services, interiors) to a full-fledged healing process.

Health architecture is the art of unraveling many technological flows and, as a result, creating a high-tech, comfortable and at the same time beautiful space for both patients and staff.

Since healthcare facilities are among the most complex type of public buildings, saturated with technological and engineering equipment, and the implementation of each section has specific features that employees of ordinary design organizations are not familiar with, it is best to entrust the design of such facilities to healthcare architecture firms in India.

Each type of healthcare facility requires knowledge in a wide variety of areas of activity and the corresponding design experience. Unfortunately, insufficient attention is paid to the ideology of designing healthcare facilities.

Indeed, the risk of nosocomial infection and the ability to comply with the standards of medical care largely depend on the condition of the buildings and a competent design solution.

How can the standards be met if a building for a certain purpose does not have the necessary set of premises and if the existing premises do not allow placing the necessary equipment in them and the corresponding engineering networks are not connected to them?

The design problems of modern healthcare facilities are largely due to the lack of a regulatory framework.

New organizational forms have led to the fact that, for example, in the structure of obstetric care institutions there is no division into physiological and observational departments.

Planning solutions ensure communication of family members as during childbirth, and in subsequent periods of stay in the obstetric care facility (fathers are admitted to individual birth wards, mothers lie with their children, and so on), which has a beneficial effect on the condition of newborns and women in labor.

Modern ventilation systems provide air change in “clean” rooms at such a speed that there is no need to duplicate rooms and allocate septic and aseptic operating units, etc.

The construction of a medical center is expensive, and it is a pity if these funds get wasted and the wrong thing is built. The question of what to design should be decided within the framework of pre-design development with the help of hospital planners in India.

How Artificial Intelligence (AI) Is Transforming The Health System

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Artificial intelligence (AI) – the ability of computers to learn human-like functions or tasks – has shown great promise. What was previously considered the sole domain of human cognition is already being successfully harnessed in many industries.

For healthcare information technology (IT) leaders, the goal of operational efficiency comes along with the pressure to get more out of the enormous volumes of data being collected across the enterprise, and this is why hospital management consulting companies are here for you, to assist you in every matter.

While AI has been around for decades, most healthcare organizations are still in the early stages of what AI will mean. AI is gaining momentum in healthcare due to its ability to generate insights from vast amounts of data, which is a much-needed help for overworked staff.

Now the tech industry is witnessing what appear to be major new advancements in AI that are generating a new wave of interest in how it could influence the future of healthcare.

The rapid digitization of health data through the use of health information technology has created significant opportunities in the use of AI. Innovators and experts see potential in using digital health data to improve health outcomes from both the home to the clinic and the community.

However, today’s AI is empowered and limited by its access to digital data. With a range of health-related data sets, AI could help improve the health of people.

The practice of medicine has undergone a digital transformation. Now it is possible to consult medical records of patients on digital platforms, thanks to this evolution, both patients and health personnel enjoy new benefits.

With new tools integrated into almost every aspect of the patient-physician relationship, it is crucial to realize that technology will not be able to replace the humanistic approach in which medicine operates, and just like this each and every medical center requires the help of hospital management consultancy in India.

AI uses new data processing tools to improve both medicine and the relationship between the patient and the doctor.

For example, to make the connection between data servers lighter and release that load so that specialists have more availability to handle other functions and thus redouble productivity.

In the current digital context of the health sector, we find a multitude of processes in which artificial intelligence speeds up and facilitates work.

Initially, it was mainly dedicated to disease diagnosis and in recent years it has even transitioned to treating diseases. What is clear is that its applications are innumerable.

AI can thus facilitate and streamline many health processes. Not everyone has the level of technical knowledge required to interact with this type of innovative technologies, so many organizations and companies are investing time and resources in generating skills in the adoption of different technologies, as an investment in the future.

There is also some risk.

Beyond the potential benefits, one must assess the possible realistic implications of AI applications in health, and understand the risks.