Hospital Design: What Challenges Need to be Addressed?

Environment actively affects people’s wellbeing and health. The Covid-19 pandemic has brought the relationship between architectural design and public health back to the centre of attention, especially with regard to hospitals and urban environments.

Building or rebuilding a hospital or a healthcare establishment requires meeting restrictive regulatory, technical and economic requirements. To meet the needs of patients and caregivers, the hospital must be designed as a cohesive, flexible and evolving space.

In general, in the design of healthcare environments, the greatest attention is paid by the hospital planners in India to the optimal solution of the areas considered most important, such as the operating and intervention theatres (clinics, diagnostics), the technical areas and the hospitalization areas; the other spaces such as reception areas, waiting areas and corridors have always been considered as more or less residual spaces, almost residual.

In reality these areas should not be underestimated as welcoming places and first environments encountered by users, and therefore part of that conscious and unconscious process which is the creation of judgment. And the judgment given to the structure then becomes judgment on the whole organization.

From common experience it emerges that the environments intended for care and health in general often correspond to impersonal places, marked by an indefinite time, devoid of any possibility of action. This can induce different sensations: anxiety, impatience, but also simple boredom. Some considerations to take as a basis of the design criteria of these areas:

  • Occupied time is perceived as shorter than unoccupied time
  • People perceive the first wait as the longest
  • Anxiety makes the wait seem longer
  • Undefined expectations are perceived as longer than the defined expectations
  • Unjustified expectations are perceived as longer than justified expectations
  • Expectations perceived as unfair are experienced as longer than the right ones
  • The higher the expectation of service, the more customers are willing to wait
  • Waiting alone is perceived as longer than waiting in company.

In health facilities, the reception and waiting areas, in particular the atrium, the connecting spaces, and the rest and waiting areas in general, perform specific functions.

Best hospital consultants in India agree that the modern design of hospitals should move away from established concepts and more closely match the external appearance of living quarters. Thus, there are several key requirements:

  • Severity and restraint;
  • Comfort;
  • Functionality.

In the first case, it is supposed to create such an external appearance that would combine relative severity and restraint. Many people are accustomed to perceive medical institutions in this way, so you should not deviate from this.

At the same time, visitors should not feel like patients within the walls of the hospital. And therefore it is important to create a favourable atmosphere and a comfortable environment. It contributes to the recovery of people much better, which, of course, must be taken into account in your work.

At the time of designing hospitals and other medical institutions, specialists always pay special attention to functionality. Any hospital design must be able to meet specific objectives. Nevertheless, modern designers and architects have proven more than once that thoughtful design can combine different nuances.

The hospital consulting companies in India will help to design a design that will help to solve many problems.

Top 6 Elements Of A Perfect Hospital Layout

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Designing an advanced and modernised hospital layout needs a well-maintained plan. However, there are some complicated situations where you find it difficult to select the right layout for the hospital.

Nowadays, a perfect hospital design plan addresses many functions to the patients, family and staff. To provide such functions, one should consider the following factors before designing the layout of the hospital.

1. Aesthetic Design

A good hospital design should exhibit both the region and the visual and cultural ideology of the institution. Many hospitals offer the reference elements of hospitality design like spacious and transparent lobbies, covered drop-offs with valet parking and natural materials that provoke a sense of satisfaction.

Besides, adding soft sound and Art can play a key role in conceiving a harmonious and aesthetic environment for the patients.

2. Car Parking Facilities

A well-design space for parking affects the entire workforce and patient’s arrival. Almost 60% of patients use their vehicle to travel to the hospital. Also, the parking facilities help the clinicians, administrative staff, support services and volunteers who work late at night in the hospital.

3. Special Waiting Room

The waiting room in the hospital is one of the crucial that comfort and support the patient’s family. Also, those patients who don’t have a family can spend some private time there as well. A well-managed seating arrangement ensuring a line of sight for information and easy access to restrooms improves the experience.

4. Gracious Clinical Environment

A well designed clinical space can benefit both the patient and staff. A well maintains clinical area is as important as lobbies and waiting areas. Consider procedure rooms and suites where patients are assured, and blood-draw stations that promote natural daylight and positive distractions in art, material palette and views. Such areas are crucial to creating a tranquil and healing environment.

5. Healthy Surrounding 

A healthy surrounding inside the hospital can increase the recovery and healing rate of patients. Designing with red list free materials provides filter and clean air that offering access to outside with operable windows create a healthy surrounding in the hospital premises.

6. Personalization Option

The choice of personalisation goes a long way toward creating a comfortable experience for patients. Besides, it helps the patients and their family to spend a better time together. Giving personalise space to patients like changing room colours, private or semi-private room for the infusion with customising overhead music or artwork could be a great way to comfort patients.

Designing the layout of the hospital is a complex process and need a proper requires proper planning that creates a positive atmosphere in the hospital. These 6 factors have the power to ensure a pleasant visit for patients and their families, faster healing and improved outcomes.

How to Reduce Stress in a Children’s Hospital through Architecture?

The benefits that people can obtain through plants or contact with nature have been debated for thousands of years. Historical records indicate that this principle was taken up in ancient hospitals, where the main objective was to make patients comfortable.

With the purpose of eliminating the risks of pathogens, caused by the infrastructure of the environment, remodeling of the structures has been made, leaving aside the outdoor areas for the use of patients.

Hospital Architecture consultant in delhi

However, hospitals have been found to be stressful environments, in part because their structure is complex and unfamiliar.

It has been emphasized that both children, as well as patients in general and visitors, need settings for recreation, imagination and physical play.

A functional plan consists of designing a plan of activities within the hospital in which the characteristics that must configure and specify the needs and demands anticipated by possible users are identified, with which it seeks to guarantee adequate levels of service and quality.

Minimum- like in a hospital, maximum- like at home

The image of the hospital as such is more negative than positive. After all, what associations do we have with this place? It’s something cold, sterile, with eerie neon lighting.

Earlier, the main thing was hygiene, and, say, the view from the window received much less attention. Today the situation is changing.

This, of course, does not mean that hospitals have become dirtier. But they are increasingly becoming similar in style and approach to the design of premises to hotels.

The room where the patient is located should not shout with all its appearance: “I’m sick! I feel bad! I’m in the hospital! “It is much better if the ward reminds of home, it will be cozy. The same can be said about the hospital building as a whole.

Modern hospital designers & planners pay a lot of attention to lighting hospital premises, and in this case we are talking not only about operating rooms, where everything is prescribed in advance, but about wards and corridors.

Daylight costs nothing, so it should be used as much as possible, in addition, the physical characteristics of the body must be taken into account: the patient must not be allowed to fall asleep when the fluorescent light is on.

Night lighting should be different from daylight. Today, there is also a lot of attention to materials: parquet floor, for example, looks much more comfortable than others.

According to hospital planners in India, the functionality of a medical institution should not suffer in any way, the only thing that can lose to some extent is architecture as an art form: after all, we cannot design a building that interferes with the work of doctors.

A modern hospital is a real city living its own life, there are treatment rooms, and wards where patients sometimes spend several weeks, a restaurant, a cafe, a delivery service, and a laboratory.

So that these “blocks” cooperate, but do not interfere with each other. At the same time, the clinic should still be beautiful.

The hospital today should be inscribed in the urban environment: it becomes not a place where sick people are, but a health center.

How to Build the Perfect Hospital?

What is hospital architecture? How to design a building so that the patient feels more comfortable and heals faster? What are the latest trends in hospital wards?

Architecture is capable of influencing human health. When you look at a beautiful building, you are charged with positive energy.

When you see an eerie high-rise building built in the distant 1970s, it is unlikely that your soul is overwhelmed with joy. Is not it? The same principles apply when it comes to hospital architecture: the good heals, the bad cripples.

hospital project consultants in India

There is no doubt that the atmosphere around can both promote a speedy recovery and lead to a worsening of the condition.

In Scandinavia and the United States, representative studies were carried out: patients placed in a room with views of a blank wall, recovered more slowly (stayed in the hospital half a day longer) and had to take more medication than those who looked out of the window at the green landscape.

A person feels better where he is comfortable. High-quality architecture, in principle, should take into account the needs of a person. And a person who is forced to stay in a hospital may have specific needs.

A modern hospital must meet two basic requirements: to attract patients by offering them living conditions that are almost identical to those of a hotel, and also to support all work processes using the latest technological developments.

What is important to consider?

Hospital planners in India must take into account the peculiarities of patients, as well as certain diseases. The patients suffering from orthopedic diseases are recommended to move more, so the corridors should be wider.

Of course, it is necessary to take into account the interests of not only patients, but also doctors. The hospital is a place of work for them.

The more rested and satisfied the medical staff is, the better for patients. The interests of visitors should also not be forgotten: these people give patients with positive emotions, contribute to recovery.

A modern hospital must be flexible, one department, for example, may be expanded in the future, which will require new premises.

When developing a hospital project, it is necessary to think about the use of light, color, materials, taking into account hygiene standards, as well as smells and sounds, which also play an important role. Comfort for both patients and staff comes first.

Navigation

Modern hospitals are huge complexes with many departments, scientific and practical centers, with an abundance of corridors, passages, elevators and entrances.

How not to get lost in this “medical town”? This is where hospital designers & planners come to the rescue. The use of different colors in hospital navigation is encouraged, but as with everything else, you should not overdo it: the variety of colors should not be too great.

There are other elements to be used for orientation. In addition, there are time-honored rules: for example, fonts in the department dealing with vision problems should be larger. Or else: black on white is much easier to read than white on black.

Healthcare Architecture: Why Is It Important?

It is best to assess the impact of architecture in hospitals and clinics – places where people come in need because they feel unwell. Not a single person wants to break away from everyday life of his own free will and imprison himself within four walls, therefore the task of specialists is to create conditions under which the space around will not “finish off” a person.

The presence of loved ones near the patient reduces stress- this should not be forgotten when designing medical centers.

The architecture of health unites buildings for medical, rehabilitation, health institutions, in which a special architectural environment is created that contributes with all its components (modern medical technologies and engineering systems, the set and arrangement of premises and services, interiors) to a full-fledged healing process.

Health architecture is the art of unraveling many technological flows and, as a result, creating a high-tech, comfortable and at the same time beautiful space for both patients and staff.

Since healthcare facilities are among the most complex type of public buildings, saturated with technological and engineering equipment, and the implementation of each section has specific features that employees of ordinary design organizations are not familiar with, it is best to entrust the design of such facilities to healthcare architecture firms in India.

Each type of healthcare facility requires knowledge in a wide variety of areas of activity and the corresponding design experience. Unfortunately, insufficient attention is paid to the ideology of designing healthcare facilities.

Indeed, the risk of nosocomial infection and the ability to comply with the standards of medical care largely depend on the condition of the buildings and a competent design solution.

How can the standards be met if a building for a certain purpose does not have the necessary set of premises and if the existing premises do not allow placing the necessary equipment in them and the corresponding engineering networks are not connected to them?

The design problems of modern healthcare facilities are largely due to the lack of a regulatory framework.

New organizational forms have led to the fact that, for example, in the structure of obstetric care institutions there is no division into physiological and observational departments.

Planning solutions ensure communication of family members as during childbirth, and in subsequent periods of stay in the obstetric care facility (fathers are admitted to individual birth wards, mothers lie with their children, and so on), which has a beneficial effect on the condition of newborns and women in labor.

Modern ventilation systems provide air change in “clean” rooms at such a speed that there is no need to duplicate rooms and allocate septic and aseptic operating units, etc.

The construction of a medical center is expensive, and it is a pity if these funds get wasted and the wrong thing is built. The question of what to design should be decided within the framework of pre-design development with the help of hospital planners in India.

Hospital Design: Every Step Counts

Despite the fact that a hospital, regardless of its purpose and structure, has all the features of the hotel industry, a special approach should always be taken to its engineering design of the building.

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A hospital cannot be created on the basis of a regular hotel. The specialists working on a project will have to take into account many important features and standards, and that is why only professionals should perform these tasks.

How does a hospital project start?

Before starting work, analysts carefully study the market and decide how relevant it will be to create a particular hospital in the selected area.

At this stage, many aspects are considered- the presence of a target audience, convenient infrastructure, funding, which should be allocated by government agencies (if we are not talking about a private clinic).

When the feasibility of building a hospital is determined, the development of its details begins.

Professional hospital design involves many aspects. The designer must:

  • Think over the location of hospital premises so that they are both comfortable and spacious- an important feature of the clinic is the availability of equipment in it, which is constantly being improved, and this means that enough space must be provided for it;
  • To study what equipment will be installed in the hospital, and what energy capacities will be needed for it;
  • Think over the arrangement of blocks so as to minimize the time spent on moving employees between them;
  • It is inevitable to include the opportunities for the expansion of the hospital building in the future.

Taking these features into account, you can begin to develop project documentation for the design of premises, which involves the creation of drawings of all premises, as well as the facade view of the building itself.

Hospital designers & planners not only prepare drawings with measurements, but they also consider structural calculations of the ceiling and flooring, lists of equipment and furniture, descriptions of building materials, communications, windows, door blocks.

Also, designers develop schemes for the location of sources of electricity, lighting of premises, doctors’ offices, there are no trifles in the design of hospitals, because every detail in the future can play an important role in saving lives.

What tasks should the hospital project solve?

First of all, this document must fully comply with the purpose of the clinic as it can be a polyclinic, a specialized institution, a dispensary, a medical building, a maternity hospital, etc. It is the project that should describe all its nuances, and it will depend on it how all the requirements are met.

In addition, this document should:

  • Meet the critical standards of the Ministry of Health and other agencies,
  • Provide quality service to future patients,
  • Provide enough space for the most important hospital premises – diagnostic, radiology, intensive care, etc.,
  • Carefully distinguish between sterile and non-sterile areas of the hospital,
  • Describe any specialized equipment that will be used in the clinic.

It is the healthcare architecture firms in India who thinks through every detail of the construction and design of the building, and it is his decisions that ultimately determine not only the comfort of each patient and each doctor, but also a significant reduction in operating costs for maintaining a finished hospital.

Hospital Building Designs- Why They Hold So Much Importance?

The health system is an integral part of the socio-economic organism. So that the clinics do not become patients themselves, they must be continuously adapted to medical progress and social and economic change.

hospital-planner-in-india

The hospital buildings in particular are increasingly caught in the field of tension between functionality, economy and architecture.

Hospitals are always watched with eagle eyes by the public. One reads of growing cost pressure and the threat of staff shortages. Indeed, clinics have to deal with the changes continuously. Only the flexible hospitals will survive.

In this context, it is the order of the day to adjust the effectiveness and efficiency and to continuously optimize the everyday clinical and medical processes.

And it’s not just the patients who demand full attention: recruiting employees is now a key factor in ensuring future viability and sustainability in the competition among hospitals.

In an increasingly competitive and increasingly complex environment, both interest groups have increasing expectations of modern clinics. This also has consequences for the aesthetic, architectural and building ecological aspects of the building.

However, the complexity of the requirements for modern healthcare buildings and especially for the clinical processes in hospitals can only be understood by those who have got to know the industry from the bottom up.

Especially in the consulting phase- before the actual planning- it is critical that no essential aspect of the later routine operation is forgotten.

The building structures of modern clinics have a significant influence on internal clinical processes and ultimately, indirectly and directly, on the quality of patient care, patient safety and the individual economic controllability of the hospital.

With such a complex construction project, hospital space planners can make the concept, planning and implementation much more efficient – and later operation becomes clearer and therefore more sustainable and safe.

At the beginning of hospital planning, there should be a careful analysis and planning of all factors that enable efficient and sustainable hospital operations. The architect and planner play a key role here.

Many hospitals carry out construction work without consulting architects and contractors and without taking into account developments in occupancy, staffing and process organization.

In the case of renovations and new buildings, it is important to observe the facility’s internal processes, patient orientation and the (future) economic framework.

In this way, building structures can be created that enable both optimal work processes and optimized routing for the benefit of the patient.

Since the services or the focus of services often change over time, rooms must be flexible in use. As part of an optimized space planning, there is a unique opportunity to realize significant material and personnel cost savings by optimizing processes, using synergies and solving minimum staffing problems.

The supply and infrastructure are also important aspects that need to be considered in the context of a construction project.

Ultimately, an innovative building structure has to be implemented that allows us to stick to tried and tested processes, to manage patient flows in a meaningful way and at the same time to optimize the paths of employees.

Contacting hospital planners in India ensures that the construction measures implemented later do not stand in the way of future process and structural improvements.

VR In Hospitals: Solution For Design And Construction

To make a building as complex as a hospital, it is normal that physical models are used, since it is essential to carry out tests to find out if operating rooms, emergency rooms or other life support elements work correctly. However, these physical models are expensive, and more, if they need to be reworked.

vr-in-hospitals

The case is that virtual reality is an aid to the design of hospitals. Do you want to know how? In this article, we will tell you about it.

VR in hospitals, a solution

Time and money are the most common problems when designing and building a hospital infrastructure, since if we design and there is an error in the model, it must be redone. What does it mean? More time, therefore, more delays and more money.

But thanks to new technologies we have the possibility to solve it and optimize processes. Virtual reality is not just for living experiences but for creating virtual models during the design and construction phase. Models that also serve to test the agents who will eventually use them, such as doctors or staff.

The use of physical models is common in medical construction. Operating rooms, emergency rooms and other hospital components are complex, so testing is necessary to ensure that vital life support systems and hospital infrastructure work efficiently in compact spaces.

But creating physical models is time-consuming and expensive, and discovering bugs that need to be reworked during construction increases costs and delays.

There are cases that reflect the use of virtual reality (VR) can help save up to 90%. And the fact that hospital designers & planners and users can experience and virtually see what the space will be like increases productivity, since they are the most capable of making quality comments on whether the elements are well arranged or not and they do so before construction.

How BIM helps improve hospital ventilation?

The BIM methodology helps people to collaborate and share responsibility, since the level of detail with which they work is highly defined.

Today, we will introduce you to one of the advantages of BIM and it is how, thanks to the use of BIM, hospitals can improve hospital ventilation and thus reduce the risk of infections. How? Keep reading.

Infections in hospitals are a common complication, which can cause around 99,000 deaths annually in a country like United States, and in many cases, these infections can be prevented if hospital ventilation and heating are well controlled.

How BIM helps reduce infections in hospitals?

The solution to reduce infections in hospitals is a good ventilation and heating system. The fact is that there are very good hospital planners in India who can provide us with the best ventilation and heating systems for hospitals helps a lot.

However, not only a good system is needed, but good management of hospital ventilation to reduce the risk of infection is also required.

Thanks to BIM’s ability to create 3D models, specialists can visualize currents and simulate airflow to choose the best option and keep a good track of current flows.

Thus, healthcare architecture firms in India can design a hospital and its facilities being aware of the currents created by the hospital’s ventilation and being able to reduce the number of cases of infections that may occur due to this cause.

Using the BIM methodology to improve aspects of construction and maintenance can be beneficial for hospitals. If you have a hospital project and want to know more, do not hesitate to contact professionals.

Exterior And Interior Of Medical Centers: The Importance Of Design

The atmosphere of comfort and tranquility when visiting a medical institution is something that can extremely positively affect the mood of each visitor or patient without any medication.

Every doctor knows this, therefore any medical institution, whether it be a hospital, a polyclinic, or a private clinic, strives to ensure that the interior of the room meets not only the relevant standards but is also comfortable for any of the visitors.

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Each patient has the right to choose the medical center that he likes and whose specialists he trusts to solve problems with his health.

This choice is influenced by the first impression that remains when visiting the institution. Upholstered furniture, warm colors in the interior, flowers, maybe the corresponding decor items – all this together favorably affects the opinion of a person about this place, and he will visit it with pleasure.

When we think of hospitals we think of something sterile, gloomy or like a building where design is not very important. However, more and more the exterior and interior of medical centers is gaining importance. In this article, today we will tell you more about it.

The hospital space planning design evolves and for the better. It is not strange then with the irruption of new technologies, the IoT, the theme of smart buildings. Increasingly, the exterior and interior of medical centers is becoming more important. The motives of having good designs are:

Improve image and productivity: we associate hospitals or medical centers as shady places where comfort does not reign. Today, this is changing: more importance is given to light, to colors.

The spaces continue to comply with hygiene and safety regulations, what changes is that now the experience of patients is valued, and not only patients but also medical personnel.

Both the interior and exterior designs of medical centers are thought to improve mood, useful for a better recovery and to make you feel better.

Providing security: It is a basic element in the design of hospitals and medical centers. The exterior and interior design of medical centers is key, as it can affect mobility to control and prevent the spread of diseases, easy to clean surfaces or ensure that you can attend to all patients who enter.

Make a good first impression on both patients and staff: A good first impression is as important as safety, as it depends on their return.

To do this, the exterior and interior design must look clean and sterile, but it must also be efficient and effective. According to hospital designers & planners, the first thing you see is the exterior, so you must see a clean exterior or a manicured garden. It does not mean that there are plants or vegetation, but rather a welcoming and hospitable feeling.

Be efficient: both in the exterior and interior design of medical centers, it is essential to be efficient. It is key to know that the use of light helps visual performance and patient recovery or that controlling noise can improve efficiency.

As well as standardizing the position of the elements of the room can improve staff productivity.

Importance of Spaces and Surroundings in a Hospital

For almost anyone, being in a hospital is an overwhelming experience and generates serious states of anxiety, anguish, stress, etc., both for the sick and their family members, and for doctors and work teams in general. This is something that must be borne in mind in the design, construction and equipment of these places, so even if it is not an art gallery or a luxury hotel, you should be aware of the effect that is achieved through finishes, colors, materials, lighting, furniture, decoration, etc.

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In short, it is not only important to pay special attention to the care and services provided in hospital planners in India, but also the perceived emotional effect, which will translate into a better experience for patients and staff.

Influence of art and pleasant spaces on moods

Studies have been carried out for a long time on the influence that a certain environment exerts on people’s mood and it has been discovered that art has a great influence on its tranquility and relaxation. This is the reason that there is a growing tendency to include it in clinics and hospitals, in such a way that some institutions have important artistic collections exhibited in their different areas.

They don’t really need to be high-value collections or renowned authors. Different artistic works have been placed in some hospitals, such as paintings, sculptures and photographs made by patients, by their family and / or friends, by donors or by staff members. These works have been distributed in many different areas so that they can be appreciated by those who pass through them, and the results have been surprisingly positive.

In some hospitals various works have been strategically placed in areas such as nurses’ centers, recovery rooms, intensive care areas, private areas thatare used to dialogue with the relatives of the patients, and where information on critical states, deaths, etc. is very frequently offered, and it has been concluded that art contributes greatly to recovery processes.

Alternatives for improving the appearance of walls, corridors and other spaces

Once the positive influence of pleasant spaces has been demonstrated by health care equipment planners, the budget problem arises to achieve a favorable decoration without causing economic imbalances.

An alternative is self-adhesive wall designs, which are easy to install and resist wall cleaning, rubbing, etc. There are also prefabricated panels whose finish already comes with attractive colors, designs and textures, and which are also made according to the official hospital regulations regarding hygiene facilities, fire retardant materials, antibacterial, etc.

Architectural design is also a determining factor in the mood of patients and staff

Although the art, color and decoration of hospital interiors are important, they are not the only environmental factors that influence people. The distribution of areas as well as the general architectural style, both interior and exterior, must be taken into account by hospital planners and medical equipment consultants in terms of functionality and safety for work, but also to create spaces that are favorable for a positive, confident state of mind.

A hospital or clinic that has a good design, and whose finishes and decorations offer a pleasant and relaxing environment, will not only offer a higher quality stay for the patient and their families, but also provide the ideal working conditions for all the staff, allowing that they have a better performance, less wear and therefore an atmosphere of cordiality and harmony between the team and the patients, which benefits everyone, patients, staff, family members and other visitors.