It is essential to know the planning techniques that are currently being used and to be able to analyse each situation. For this, several elements have already been developed to help us find the best solution. We will use functional plans, master plans, and general planning projects, dimensioning and strategic planning to face the design of a hospital.
Hospitals are technological centres that have evolved their buildings at a slower rate than the development of scientific medical techniques, the first task will be to create hospitals that do not have an expiration date and that are capable of adapting to new developments with ease.
Over the years we have seen progress and as the hospital has become part of the city, it has grown and health cities have been created within the city. All this leads us to ask ourselves, how to locate a Hospital?
In the nineteenth century, it seemed to be easier since it used to be located on the outskirts of the city and thus avoid the spread of diseases. However, in the search for better environmental health within the city, this has been changing due to several factors.
The Hospital ceases to be the place where you are going to die and becomes the place where you are going to heal so it must be close to society and must be well connected to facilitate its use.
The important point in the entire development of a hospital, in total, creates a building that shares activities with its environment, with healthy people, not create isolated spaces where the patient feels even more sick but quite the contrary, achieves not only the formal but integral integration.
It has been proven by studies and by common sense that this closeness helps the patient to a faster recovery, psychologically the fact of sharing with healthy people, having spaces for recreation and leisure encourages positive and healing. This is where the hospital typology comes in.
Hospital designers & planners start with three basic types: the vertical, the more tower basement and the horizontal, the latter has been the most used in recent years and the reasons are due to its greater versatility when integrating with its environment, the reticule is more friendly in this fusion process, this model brings with it the typology of the patios.
It works very well to relate to the outside without having the acoustic problems that the environment can cause, of course, that these patios must be fit for this purpose and not to be a hole of relief without utility, but this has to bring more disadvantages than benefits, we must create a space full of activity but empty of volume.
According to hospital space planners, designing part is all thinking about functionality and anticipating connections to the city is essential if it cannot be a major problem in its proper development that these patios must be suitable for this purpose and not be one more hole of relief without use, but this must bring more disadvantages than benefits, we must create a space full of activity but empty of volume.