Gone are the days of sterile spaces, shared rooms, and buildings that could be mistaken for corporate offices. We are seeing a new class of hospitals, more like hotels thanks to their private rooms, gardens, and art installations by healthcare architecture firms in India.
During a hospital construction process, doctors usually do not sit with the architects specialized in health and the engineers for the design of the same, which is a practice that has to disappear, since multidisciplinary work is considered important for a better design.
There are environments that make people sick and that require a person to adapt and for that reason the gap between what we have and what we want in the hospitals.
In this sense, by carrying out the functional plan with the help of hospital project consultants in India, the range of service to be provided is obtained, structuring the planning of sanitary activities, with which it is expected that maximum efficiency will be obtained from it.
A functional plan will give the operating parameters of each of the units and processes within the hospital, it is important that within this plan, the direction that the hospital will take in the future is contemplated, so that the remodeling or extensions are also organized.
So that in this way it can be seen where the health services will be focused in the next 20 years, because the way of working and doing things is changing.
A functional plan should not be interpreted as a definitive and stable scenario, since only the presence of technology generates relevant modifications in the way things are done. What different experts indicate are the following steps:
i) Environment and population analysis.
Among the aspects that must be considered is the analysis of the environment, identifying the urban structure in which it is located and the road infrastructure.
On the other hand, population studies must be carried out in which the aging rate, rate of mortality, fertility by age groups. Etc. All this, to know the type of user that can be expected in that area.
ii) Hospital model.
Once the type of population is expected to visit, due to socio-demographic conditions, the service plan and specialties that the hospital will have can be generated.
In this, the distribution of the number of beds per clinical area and the areas: outpatient consultation, diagnostic and treatment areas, emergencies, and surgery, among others can be determined.
iii) Surface program.
Since the type of population and the services that will be provided are known, the logistical and architectural design of each of the units that will make up the hospital building is necessary, for example: functional units, outpatient services, central services, obstetric block, surgery, classrooms, library and auditorium.
In summary, as you can see, it is necessary to take a tour that contemplates the historical background of the place, the socio-demographic conditions, the development of a service scheme, an analysis of the hospital’s competence, uniting the aesthetic and functional part, to let our final step be the development of the hospital design.