The birth block of a hospital requires specific spaces to ensure optimal care for the mother and the baby. Drawings, advice, technological requirements. The birth block in a hospital must be provided in the hospitalization area with specific spaces that go beyond the normal provision of hospital rooms, all this could be done with a proper Hospital Building Plan.
Environments, interior design and furniture components for the birth block
According to the regulatory indications, the following environments must be provided at the birth department:
- Filter area for pregnant women;
- Staff filter area;
- Local labour;
- Delivery rooms;
- Neonatal island, located inside the delivery room or communicating with it;
- Neonatal care area in continuity with the obstetrics and gynaecology hospitalization area capable of containing a number of cradles in relation to the volume of activity carried out;
- Operating room, in the absence of an operating block which must guarantee the same performance required for the operating group;
- Post-partum observation area;
- Storage of surgical instruments;
- Toilets for pregnant women;
- Dirty material deposit;
- Waiting area for a companion.
Among the minimum technological requirements, it is required that the labour-delivery room have a bed head supplied with medical gas as furnishings; a convertible bed for labour; a mobile operating lamp and that the neonatal island is equipped with a resuscitation bed with radiant lamps.
The labour room and the delivery room must be designed with adequate attention to detail, as they are environments where the patient spends a long period of time in a conscious state. A hotel comfort level equal to that of the hospital rooms must be guaranteed.
Placement of the furnishings
The hospitalization areas must be equipped with spaces intended for dressing, washing, changing, weighing and preparing the milk of new-borns.
This block presents, compared to the operating block, a different condition of the ‘patient’. In fact, childbirth takes place in a conscious state, often now – thanks also to anesthetic techniques – in cases where physiological childbirth is not used. The area dedicated to birth must therefore be as comfortable as possible.
The labour room must be comparable to a hospital room, possibly illuminated by natural light, with an internal toilet in which there is a bathtub or alternatively a shower.
Depending on the type of birth planned in the hospital, different furnishings are used which involve a different organization of the space, also depending on their size. In addition there must be an obstetric bed, furniture and trolleys, changing table, scale and sink for the new-born.
Sufficient space must be provided for the transport of the bed or stretcher from the labour room. The finishes must be comparable for the delivery room to the operating room and for the labour room similar to a hospital room.
As we all know, every patient has some medical necessities, to ensure that your patients are getting the appropriate services, we recommend you to consult Health Care Equipment Planners as only then your hospital will be preferred by a large no. of people.