Creating Smart Spaces With Hospital Architecture

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Over the years, a wide variety of research has been carried out that shows that architecture in the hospital environment has a great effect within the healing process and improvement of the patient’s well-being.

It has also been shown that there is a connection in terms of stress reduction, both of the personnel working within the hospital, and of the patients, with respect to the spaces and physical architectural environments of said hospital facilities.

Currently, the hospital industry, led by architects and engineers, must do everything possible to adapt to a global phenomenon that is advancing at accelerated steps; the tech.

Day by day, technology has been the factor responsible for causing great changes within the environments in the hospital and in the medical services that it is responsible for offering to society.

Advances such as new surgical techniques, many of them currently carried out by automated machines (robots), intelligent spaces, and optimal interiors for work development, and also to be able to provide an optimal stay to patients within hospitals, has radically changed the hospital industry.

In the same way, thanks to the design and maintenance of the infrastructure, it is possible to reduce infections and avoid complications in patients which are inside the hospital.

“Healthy infrastructure, equal to happy patients”, according to an investigation, in which infection control is placed as one of the main factors or trends in the health sector and the industries in charge of hospital architecture.

The issue of infection control is considered as one of the most handled up to now and ranks as one of the most worrying issues in the hospital environment, as it refers to the control of intra-hospital infections.

The hospital must be a building to cure, however, in a hospital environment there are many pathogenic microorganisms that are transmitted through the air and constitute the main means of transmitting infections to the users of these establishments.

And this is why healthcare facility planning and design courses serves as a great tool in hospital architecture.

Thanks to the advancement of technology within the hospital environment, a well-known and extremely important concept for engineers, architects, and especially for hospitals has been developed for a few years; smart hospitals.

With this they refer to the different types of technological advances and architectural methods that are developed in order to achieve an improvement in the quality of care provided to the patient and how the different activities carried out by the medical professional and the patient are facilitated and optimized.

So, taking into account the aforementioned, it can be emphasized and concluded that the creation of intelligent hospitals is of great importance for architects and engineers in these times, and to most equipment and centers.

Hospital Design: Every Step Counts

Despite the fact that a hospital, regardless of its purpose and structure, has all the features of the hotel industry, a special approach should always be taken to its engineering design of the building.

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A hospital cannot be created on the basis of a regular hotel. The specialists working on a project will have to take into account many important features and standards, and that is why only professionals should perform these tasks.

How does a hospital project start?

Before starting work, analysts carefully study the market and decide how relevant it will be to create a particular hospital in the selected area.

At this stage, many aspects are considered- the presence of a target audience, convenient infrastructure, funding, which should be allocated by government agencies (if we are not talking about a private clinic).

When the feasibility of building a hospital is determined, the development of its details begins.

Professional hospital design involves many aspects. The designer must:

  • Think over the location of hospital premises so that they are both comfortable and spacious- an important feature of the clinic is the availability of equipment in it, which is constantly being improved, and this means that enough space must be provided for it;
  • To study what equipment will be installed in the hospital, and what energy capacities will be needed for it;
  • Think over the arrangement of blocks so as to minimize the time spent on moving employees between them;
  • It is inevitable to include the opportunities for the expansion of the hospital building in the future.

Taking these features into account, you can begin to develop project documentation for the design of premises, which involves the creation of drawings of all premises, as well as the facade view of the building itself.

Hospital designers & planners not only prepare drawings with measurements, but they also consider structural calculations of the ceiling and flooring, lists of equipment and furniture, descriptions of building materials, communications, windows, door blocks.

Also, designers develop schemes for the location of sources of electricity, lighting of premises, doctors’ offices, there are no trifles in the design of hospitals, because every detail in the future can play an important role in saving lives.

What tasks should the hospital project solve?

First of all, this document must fully comply with the purpose of the clinic as it can be a polyclinic, a specialized institution, a dispensary, a medical building, a maternity hospital, etc. It is the project that should describe all its nuances, and it will depend on it how all the requirements are met.

In addition, this document should:

  • Meet the critical standards of the Ministry of Health and other agencies,
  • Provide quality service to future patients,
  • Provide enough space for the most important hospital premises – diagnostic, radiology, intensive care, etc.,
  • Carefully distinguish between sterile and non-sterile areas of the hospital,
  • Describe any specialized equipment that will be used in the clinic.

It is the healthcare architecture firms in India who thinks through every detail of the construction and design of the building, and it is his decisions that ultimately determine not only the comfort of each patient and each doctor, but also a significant reduction in operating costs for maintaining a finished hospital.

Current Trends In Hospital Architecture

The buildings and the physical infrastructure that support the Hospitals must have the capacity for adaptability, growth and transformation, due to the changing technological advances in health.

They also have to support the new models of operation and administration of Hospitals, the flow of personnel and information, as well as the current and future needs of patients, doctors and visitors.

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The hospital designers & planners in the selection of a Hospital are highly trained adults and professionals, who mostly belong to the “millennial generation”, and as such are users of all kinds of technologies that help them to make decisions the most part of the time.

Here are some important milestones to take into account for the development of hospital projects, based on the experience and trends of the experts:

The structure must go according to the design, function and aesthetics of the concept to which we add factors of architectural language, interior design and environmental certifications.

With current demands, buildings cannot remain static and the structure must help us to have multifunctional spaces, and that it evolve according to its operation and needs.

The design must be committed to the environment and the impact on it; that is why the project must adhere to national and international guidelines for certification, orientation and definition, depending on the type of project, whether it is a new construction, remodeling or operation.

Health infrastructure is today one of the most complex challenges for a project design and structuring team; by itself, the hospital building is the most difficult to design due to the complexity of the technologies that are integrated, and the expectations of patients and families, which combined with those of healthcare processes, are the input to design a healthcare environment.

The perfect balance between structure and nature is one of the great challenges for designers, it requires exquisite style, respect for nature and the site of the project. Landscaping must provide comfort and at the same time respect the care and infection control processes.

Hand washing is the most basic and important step in hygiene protocols, so it is the responsibility of the hospital architect to implement a design where the sinks are perfectly located, with the necessary accessibility and visibility for healthcare and medical personnel.

The healthcare architecture firms in India comply with current national and international regulations and prioritize minimizing the travel of personnel in operation, reducing times and movements in favor of efficiency, simplifying and differentiating access to emergencies.

Of the architectural spaces that are useful today, and were not considered in Hospitals from before 2000, we could state:

  • Comprehensive work areas: close to services and equipped with computer stations, projectors, etc. for discussion of cases between doctors, nursing, technicians, social workers, etc.
  • Community gardens: spaces for interaction between doctors, patients and the community.
  • Community areas: flexible places with amenities for outdoor activities and interaction with alternative health care specialists.
  • Hospitality management: coordination of care for the patient’s family member as well as visitors.
  • E-Kiosks: information kiosks to provide general information to patients and families.

New And Innovative Concepts In Hospital Construction

The buildings that are currently built for the health sector require a series of very specific requirements from the architects and engineers who are in charge of planning and building them.

On the one hand, it is important to be able to guarantee the proper functioning of the treatments and, on the other hand, patients need a pleasant environment in which they can achieve an adequate recovery.

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For this reason, it is important to know what the construction of hospitals will be like in the future and to start thinking more about the expression “therapeutic architecture” to innovate the concepts of hospital construction.

The growing need to build better-equipped and better-structured hospitals makes attractive design concepts more important, with patient care and amenities always in mind so that medical and nursing staff can perform their functions effectively.

For this reason, healthcare architecture firms in India innovate in technologies and forms of construction that help improve the installations.

Hospital functional demands

Hospitals are complex buildings that provide a variety of varied functions in virtually one location. Sterile and non-sterile areas have to be very strictly separated from each other.

Operating rooms and intensive care units, on the other hand, must be very close to each other.

Treatment rooms, laboratories, offices, and cafeterias are part of the standard facilities of a hospital and must be taken into account.

At the same time, architects and engineers should think about creating a patient-friendly environment that harmonizes with functional aspects.

The current hospital architecture is trying to find ways to promote and improve healing processes, as well as offering guidance, clarity and safety to patients.

This can be accomplished with things like innovative color and light concepts, novel materials, and modular constructions. In addition, it has also innovated in all aspects related to hospital equipment, making them work better within the hospital.

Hospital innovation in construction issues

The design of green, energy-efficient, and green construction projects has gradually gained attention in the construction of hospital buildings.

In the health sector, the so-called ” Green Hospital ” is a concept that is beginning to redefine the way health care facilities are built to protect the environment and, at the same time, help save human lives.

The hospital space planners plan and structure buildings of modern hospitals with high detail levels particularly.

Only a holistic and interdisciplinary approach can adequately combine the arrangement of the rooms and the concept of organization as a whole.

In this context, it is important to develop a planning system that includes patient flow designs, hospital demand, and the determination of the necessary space for the construction of hospitals.

The greater the amount of energy consumed in a hospital, the greater the release of toxic waste into the environment, causing damage that can put human lives at risk, causing disease and death.

The shift to building sustainable sanitation facilities is primarily focused on reducing the carbon burden on hospitals, thereby ensuring the safety of its occupants, staff, and patients. In a hospital, lighting, water heating, and heating represent high energy consumption.

Therefore, it is essential that construction involves incorporating green designs and concepts into the process to reduce the impact on the environment, decrease operating costs, and increase energy efficiency.

Facing The Design Crisis Of A Hospital – Here Is Our Help

It is essential to know the planning techniques that are currently being used and to be able to analyse each situation. For this, several elements have already been developed to help us find the best solution. We will use functional plans, master plans, and general planning projects, dimensioning and strategic planning to face the design of a hospital.

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Hospitals are technological centres that have evolved their buildings at a slower rate than the development of scientific medical techniques, the first task will be to create hospitals that do not have an expiration date and that are capable of adapting to new developments with ease.

Over the years we have seen progress and as the hospital has become part of the city, it has grown and health cities have been created within the city. All this leads us to ask ourselves, how to locate a Hospital?

In the nineteenth century, it seemed to be easier since it used to be located on the outskirts of the city and thus avoid the spread of diseases. However, in the search for better environmental health within the city, this has been changing due to several factors.

The Hospital ceases to be the place where you are going to die and becomes the place where you are going to heal so it must be close to society and must be well connected to facilitate its use.

The important point in the entire development of a hospital, in total, creates a building that shares activities with its environment, with healthy people, not create isolated spaces where the patient feels even more sick but quite the contrary, achieves not only the formal but integral integration.

It has been proven by studies and by common sense that this closeness helps the patient to a faster recovery, psychologically the fact of sharing with healthy people, having spaces for recreation and leisure encourages positive and healing. This is where the hospital typology comes in.

Hospital designers & planners start with three basic types: the vertical, the more tower basement and the horizontal, the latter has been the most used in recent years and the reasons are due to its greater versatility when integrating with its environment, the reticule is more friendly in this fusion process, this model brings with it the typology of the patios.

It works very well to relate to the outside without having the acoustic problems that the environment can cause, of course, that these patios must be fit for this purpose and not to be a hole of relief without utility, but this has to bring more disadvantages than benefits, we must create a space full of activity but empty of volume.

According to hospital space planners, designing part is all thinking about functionality and anticipating connections to the city is essential if it cannot be a major problem in its proper development that these patios must be suitable for this purpose and not be one more hole of relief without use, but this must bring more disadvantages than benefits, we must create a space full of activity but empty of volume.

Acoustics In Hospital Design

Good acoustic design of buildings is becoming increasingly important, due to the repercussions it has on people’s well-being and health. This reason takes even more weight when it comes to health centers.

Hospitals are very complex buildings with very specific technical requirements. In today’s post, we are going to discuss the importance of acoustics in hospital design and the criteria to follow to achieve an appropriate environment in terms of noise.

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ACOUSTIC QUALITY AS A BENEFIT TO HEALTH

When we consider acoustics in hospital design, it is interesting to think not only about the interior sound quality but also about the impact of sound on the exterior environment closest to the building, since the acoustic characteristics of the urban environment must also be considered and evaluated.

If we apply correct acoustic criteria in the hospital space planning design, we can achieve improvements at different levels.

Improving acoustic quality has been proven to have positive effects on professionals and patients. An adequate sound environment contributes to the decrease in blood pressure, as well as the reduction of pain medication intake of hospital patients while improving the stress level of all occupants of the building.

Sleep quality is also affected, improving considerably by decreasing the sound level in the rooms. Improvements have even been found in school performance, tachycardia or the decrease in premature babies, by improving the acoustic conditions of health centers.

All these aspects positively influence the patients’ feeling of security and general well-being since, having a quieter stay, they feel more comfortable and have easier communication with medical personnel.

In addition, a more pleasant stay translates into a faster recovery for patients, which reduces the time spent in the hospital. This has advantages from a curative point of view and also helps the financial sustainability of the hospital.

ACOUSTICS AS A DESIGN CRITERIA FOR HOSPITALS

Within hospitals, hospital designers & planners have very different areas in terms of the type of occupants and their use of space. For this reason, we will treat the acoustic requirements of each area of ​​the health centers separately.

ACCESS AND CIRCULATION

The access and distribution areas in hospitals are the most open and exposed to the public. Despite this, they should be welcoming and relaxing environments where patients, medical staff and visitors can have relaxed conversations.

The first impression that a hospital offers is very important in the feeling that the patient or professional will receive throughout their stay. Accessing the center through a diaphanous space, well lit and with a moderate sound environment helps to keep your mood in good condition.

From an acoustic point of view, it is important to plan sound-absorbing surfaces on the ceiling and on the walls, so that the voice does not bounce excessively and uncomfortable echoes are generated, increasing the acoustic level.

Let’s think that a hospital is a building where a considerable number of people are concentrated, so the sound level can rise quickly if the building has too hard to finish.

Hospital Design: What Tasks Need To Be Addressed?

When designing hospitals and other medical facilities, specialists always pay special attention to functionality. Any hospital design should help solve certain problems. Nevertheless, modern designers and architects have repeatedly proved that thoughtful design can combine various nuances.

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Trends in the design of medical facilities

Many experts agree that the modern design of hospitals should move away from established concepts and more closely match the appearance of residential premises.

Thus, there are several key requirements:

  • Strictness and restraint;
  • Comfort;
  • Functionality;

In the first case, it is supposed to create such an external appearance that would combine relative rigor and restraint. Many people are so used to perceiving medical facilities, so do not move away from this.

At the same time, visitors should not feel like patients in the hospital. And therefore it is important to create a favourable atmosphere and comfortable atmosphere. It much better contributes to the recovery of people, which, of course, must be taken into account in your work.

Design concepts of modern medical facilities

In their work, specialists encounter various difficulties, so they have to take into account the direction, specifics of activity and other features of a particular institution. Only in this case is it possible to create the necessary hospital interior that meets the requirements put forward.

Usually, there are several most significant aspects:

  • Free and easy orientation to the clinic spaces;
  • Design of individual chambers;
  • Reduced overall background noise.

Functionality implies a simple and easy orientation in space – each visitor should be able to find the right place without any problems.

The design of the chambers must also correspond to a high aesthetic level. Moreover, this aspect helps to increase the mood in patients, and also acts as a good marketing tool.

One of the most serious tasks is to reduce the overall noise background. To do this, it is necessary to consider the location of office space, as well as to separate the crowded places from the main chambers and doctors’ offices. Not every hospital interior can please such an achievement.

That is why you should always rely on experienced hospital planners in India in the field of design and interior design. They will tell you the best solutions in choosing a colour scheme, zoning, buying building and finishing materials, and will also help get rid of unnecessary and unnecessary expenses.

Clinic design

The design of the clinic is only now beginning to “rehabilitate” after many years of persistent association with frowning, grey, unfriendliness. Unfortunately, the design of clinics before this was largely determined by one principle – a closed type of room with a corridor and separate rooms in a single colour scheme.

To make it so that it is pleasant to visit any clinic both for children and adults. The experts will develop a hospital space planning design for any clinic, both private and budget, reflecting and emphasizing the pleasant details in each room. Colourful design is far from the only thing that can be allowed when creating a unique interior design project for a clinic. For example, if it’s a children’s clinic.